Web hosting plays an important role in ensuring website performance, speed, and availability. It’s a technical medium for making your website accessible by anyone on the Internet.
Because web hosting is such an essential element for powering anything online, there’s also plenty of choices. This can be intimidating.
To avoid “apples to oranges” comparisons, we’ve created this quick guide explaining how different types of web hosting services operate and who they are best suited for.
Let’s dig in!
6 Different Types of Web Hosting
This post will help you understand the different types of web hosting options available and clarify some terminology that may be difficult to understand.
New website owner or experienced IT professional, you’ll find the information you need to understand the advantages and shortcomings of the six most popular types of web hosting.
1. Shared Hosting
Shared hosting is an arrangement where several websites are kept on the same server.
Your monthly payments to the hosting provider will get you access to a certain amount of resources that you share with other users who are on that server as well.
Resources such as:
- RAM (Random Access Memory)
- CPU (Central Processing Unit)
- Storage (capped at an X GB)
- Bandwidth (also limited to X Mbps)
Shared is the cheapest type of hosting out there. Because similar to flat-sharing, you are chipping in with others to enjoy the provided facilities.
A lot of shared hosting plans also come with add-on services like:
- Free domain name
- Free SSL certificate
- Integrated website builder
- Security and anti-malware scans
- User-friendly control panel (cPanel)
The drawback with shared hosting is that the hosting infrastructure is used by others. So if your “neighbor” is going viral, you may be getting fewer shared resources. Meaning that your website speed and performance go down.
Since most web hosts carefully rebalance their shared resources if sudden spikes in traffic occur, that’s a very rare scenario. But still, it’s something to keep in mind.
Price range: $0.99 to $6/month.
Best for: Small self-hosted websites, hobby bloggers, small business websites.
Further reading: How to Choose the Best Shared Web Hosting
2. Virtual Private Server (VPS) Hosting
Virtual private hosting is a good “upgrade” after a shared hosting plan. In this case, you still share the physical server space with other website owners. But your website is hosted on an independent piece of virtual “real estate”.
There are two keywords in this type of hosting:
- Private: you receive access to private hosting resources (RAM, CPU, bandwidth) and don’t share them with others.
- Virtual: your server isn’t a physical machine, but a partitioned piece (virtual machine), set up on a “parent” server that hosts other VMs alike.
Think of VPS hosting as renting a flat in a multi-store building. You can do anything you like within your rental, but can’t make changes to the building itself.
With a VPS you can run any type of software and use any programming language you need (not just PHP for WordPress). Also, you get higher caps on storage and bandwidth. Meaning you can accommodate more website traffic.
Yet, VPS hosts still have limited elasticity. Some VPS hosts will provide a temporary increase of your disk space or bandwidth to handle a traffic spike. But most won’t do so constantly since such redistribution would still affect other websites, hosted on the same server.
Price range: $10-$60/mo on average.
Best for: Small or medium-sized business websites, media-heavy websites.
3. Dedicated Server Hosting
Dedicated hosting, as the name implies, gives you exclusive rental rights over a web server. You have full control over the environment and can avoid “noisy neighbours”.
Think of this hosting option as living in a detached house. You can do whatever you want in your territory since you have full root and admin access.
You can handle higher traffic, bounded only by your server capacity (which can be upscaled). On the other hand, if you are not using the rented server up to its full capacity, you are still paying the full price of it.
Also, you are responsible for keeping your grounds secure and well-maintained.
Respectively, you need to have sufficient server technology expertise. If you are renting an unmanaged dedicated server, you’ll be responsible for:
- Installing the operating system (e.g. Windows or Linux)
- Adding the necessary tools for running your operations
- Building a security perimeter to protect your infrastructure.
Website performance optimization and resources right-sizing is on you too. While the above isn’t a con if you have an IT team (or personal experience), dedicated hosting isn’t a “beginner-friendly” solution.
Also, greater computing power and customization come at a higher cost.
Dedicated web hosting providers are the most expensive out of the three options. Yet, you receive the technical capacity to handle higher website traffic and more advanced web applications.
Price range: $70-$130/mo on average.
Best for: High traffic websites, web applications processing sensitive customer data, eCommerce websites.
Further reading: Best Dedicated Hosting Providers
4. Managed WordPress
WordPress is the most popular content management system and website platform, especially among new business owners.
But being a self-hosted and open-source solution, WordPress sites require a certain degree of upkeep too.
In particular, you need to personally ensure:
- Top website performance
- High website loading speed
- Regular plug-in updates
- Security patches and version updates
- Anti-malware scans
- Website backups
The above can be a lot for some business owners.
Thus, some hosting providers propose separate “managed WordPress hosting” plans. In this case, you still get shared hosting space. But the hosting package includes website upkeep and security.
Managed WordPress hosting is more expensive than regular shared hosting. But it gives you more time and peace of mind to focus on your core business and marketing, rather than technical jobs.
Price range: $15-$60/mo on average.
Best for: High traffic WordPress websites.
Further reading: Best WordPress Hosting Comparison (Tested and Reviewed)
5. Cloud Hosting
Cloud computing and cloud hosting, in particular, has gained major popularity.
Cloud technology enables on-demand access to computing resources — CPU, RAM, storage, security services, and moreover the Internet.
Similar to VPS, you can rent a “slice” of a data center, hosted by the cloud services provider (CSP) to run your web applications on their infrastructure, consisting of distributed servers. So rather than renting space from one shared server and one location, you gain access to distributed resources. This, in turn, reduces latency issues, plus increases resource availability. For example, if one web server goes down at the vendor’s location, your website won’t be affected.
Other benefits of cloud-based hosting include:
- Instant scalability
- Higher uptime
- Access to the latest hardware
- Greater security
- Value-added cloud services
The above makes cloud hosting an attractive option for enterprise websites, requiring significant storage and computing capacities.
With standard hosting (including dedicated servers), you pay a monthly fee for a fixed amount of computing and storage resources. Whether you use all of them up or not, you are still footing the same bill month-over-month. This can make dedicated servers expensive for businesses with varying traffic volumes (for example, due to seasonality).
Cloud hosting, on the other hand, enables instant provisioning (or de-provisioning) of resources to accommodate increased traffic. Respectively, when you have a surge in traffic, you can add more resources to ensure great website performance. But when the tide goes down, you can downscale and pay a smaller monthly bill.
The best part is that you can optimize your cloud hosting in real-time via an admin panel. There’s no “wait” period for resources to become available — scaling happens instantly.
Pricing range: Depends on usage.
Best for: High-growth websites, web applications, enterprise websites, eCommerce stores.
Colocation is a popular alternative to hosting an in-house data center or renting a dedicated server from a private one.
If you have personal servers, you can host them in a colocation center for a fee. The fee will cover bandwidth, electricity, IP address, cooling, and server monitoring/maintenance.
You, in turn, bring your own servers, storage, and networking equipment. Also, you are still responsible for managing server software, IP/DNS configurations, and hardware replacement should the need arise.
Colocation is a strategy some enterprises may use to reduce the size of their data center since the physical costs of running one are steep. Not to mention that you’d need on-the-ground personnel to service the premises.
Energy Star also notes that some colocation providers offer first-year discounts on electricity. So that’s even more savings.
Pricing range: $45 to $300/mo on average.
Best for: Enterprises in regulated industries (healthcare, finance, government).
Web hosting is essential for self-hosted websites. Your choice will denote your capacity to handle website traffic and deliver a great experience to web visitors.
Creating a hosting account is easy.
But before you commit to a certain web hosting provider, make sure that your choice well-matches your website growth plans.